Ravi Patel

Ravi Patel

December 15, 2022 8 minutes to read

3D Visualization and Augmented Reality for Surgery: An Overview

3D Visualization and Augmented Reality for Surgery: An Overview

In order to reduce surgical risks, Augmented and Virtual Reality as well as 3D visualization do indeed aid surgeons comprehend the 3D rendering of patients. A couple of the best modern inventions are augmented reality and 3D visualization. The medical industry is one of them that best reflects these. Surgery has advanced significantly thanks to augmented reality and three-dimensional visualization. Since a few years ago, augmented reality has been used to instruct medical students who are interested in procedures like penis implant surgery and blood clot treatment. If this is a subject that interests you, continue reading to learn about the terms and parts of this new technology that is already sweeping over the medical industry, as well as some crucial information.

AR and Healthcare

The AR market in healthcare is projected to grow at a CAGR of 21% over the period of 2023-2032. A great contributor to this growth worth be a cutting-edge medical invention for less invasive surgery – 3D augmented reality. A heads-up display, often known as smart glasses, and augmented reality enable surgeons operate with greater accuracy and safety. For teaching purposes, live procedures can be captured and simulated. In order to carry out surgical duties more effectively, AR combines AI with one or more senses.

Although software and hardware have made considerable strides, traditional modalities and economic considerations still play a significant part in standard medical operations. The implementation of augmented reality is highly pertinent in light of the SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV) coronavirus pandemic. Continuous improvements are being worked on for AR imagery, such as virtual retinal displays and bionic contact lenses.

What is 3D Visualization?

How 3D Visualization and AR Aid in Surgical Education?

Surgery students can learn about the underlying subject in real life by using 3D augmented and virtual reality to recreate any medical condition, such as surgeries. Learning from errors is aided through debriefing and feedback. This type of simulation is very flexible because it can be conducted without training faculty present.

With this, the human body may be thoroughly understood thanks to 3D modelling. Scenarios that closely resemble actual surgical settings can be used to instruct surgical students. Students can use the model created by recording real-time procedures from various perspectives to mimic surgery in virtual reality. Surgery abilities can be improved greatly and effectively through simulation-based VR training. In contrast, it aids in lowering overall expenses, recuperation time, and postoperative complications.

How Virtual and 3D Visualization Affect Surgery?

By planning complicated procedures in VR, you can simulate different outcomes and lessen unexpected outcomes. Data from several scans (MRI, CT, and ultrasound) is collated and used in AR/VR. Therapists and medical professionals found virtual reality to be particularly helpful for people with post-traumatic stress disorder. It benefits patients who have acrophobia or agoraphobia. Robotic surgery relies heavily on virtual reality.

A robotic arm surgeon may remotely do surgery with the aid of AR. In this situation, the surgeon relies on the camera and some sensory input. With the help of AR-enabled products from Plutomen, surgeons can see better and be more precise. With the aid of machine learning and video data collected by AR headsets, the best recommendations are also given during actual procedures. The use of digital imaging in the medical field has dramatically improved. With the aid of AR and VR, surgeons can not only see inside the affected area (such as the knee joints, eyes, heart, etc.) before performing surgery, they can be guided by a remote specialist. Imagine a complicated surgery that requires immediate attention and experience of a specialist!

Advantages of 3D Visualization and Augmented Reality for Surgery

Two advantages dominate the usage of AR in surgery for medical professionals. First, the aspect of education and training. This enables students to visualize the health-related concerns they will be treating in the future and transition from the textbook dimension to real-world settings. Second, by providing quicker access to real-time data and a patient’s medical history, AR improves the capacity to more accurately diagnose and treat the underlying disease. Even the most skilled surgeon can make mistakes due to human nature.

Diagnostic imaging has made the greatest advances in the last decade, including ultrasound, computed tomography, mammography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Almost all surgeries require some kind of scan before the incision. Even though the imaging process has fundamentally evolved, the older generation of imaging displays remains. The surgeon must pay particular attention to merging multiple images, such as CTs and angiograms, into their single context to understand the patient’s condition. For example, a surgeon performing surgery wearing an AR headset can visualize multiple digital images directly overlaid on the incision area. Images, data, and other vital signs of the patient’s anatomy are displayed directly above the surgical field. Therefore, surgeons do not need to be distracted from the surgical process to collect and process information while performing critical operations.

The potential of augmented reality to simultaneously display images and other data about patients could save many human errors and lives by reducing medical errors. In addition, the entire operating room team working in the operating room has access to simultaneous patient data viewing and work discrepancies, eliminating communication gaps.

Surgery Operations Where Augmented Reality/3D Visualization Plays a Big Role

Augmented reality has made great strides in some of the most famous surgeries such as spine surgery, neuro-oncology surgery, neurovascular surgery, and visceral surgery.

Applicability of AR/3D Visualization to Spine Surgery

Since AR is a superimposition of virtual environments and reality, spine surgeons can greatly benefit from portable overhead displays and image projections into the real environment. Augmented reality provides intraoperative support during pedicle screwing. A spine surgeon does not have to take his eyes off the patient while he is using the AR during surgery. 3D Visualization and Augmented Reality for Surgery can also be used when replacing pedicle screws in the lumbar spine. Real-time surgical guidance may improve the accuracy and effectiveness of spine surgery.

Applicability of AR/3D Visualization to Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery is a medical specialty that relies heavily on imaging technology, so image accuracy is paramount. His use of MRO and CT during preoperative planning and intraoperative surgery is critical to the success of the surgery. AR technology is now being commercially applied to neurological simulation and training. It has great potential to revolutionize the field, take it to the next level, and deliver positive patient outcomes. Neurosurgery has successfully pushed the boundaries of AR in the operating room. AR can precisely display several 3D datasets congruently head over the area where the neurosurgery is taking place. The advances in imaging, display technology, registration, and robotic actuation foretell an important role for augmented reality and 3D visualization in neurosurgery. The application of 3D imaging techniques and augmented reality can boost the confidence of surgeons while performing delicate and complicated neurosurgical procedures. The tool will guide with virtual navigation while the neurosurgeons dissect and observe the anatomy of the patient. For neurosurgery training at medical universities in the future, the innovative tools of AR and VR can be infused with mixed reality.

Applicability of AR/3D Visualization to Visceral Surgery

In visceral surgery, patient specific HIS 3D models of multiple visceral lesions from 2D magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) are segmented. This is visualized with the help of AR and VR, allowing these two innovative tools to lead to precise surgical planning for complex surgeries.

Related: How Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality fit into Industry 4.0

At the End…

To bring Augmented Reality to the modern world, incredible innovations unleashed by the diligence of a team of medical researchers, scientists, mathematicians, physicists, data, science experts, and programmers. Because of its claimed accuracy, it will revolutionize all of medicine and surgery as well. The ease and focus that allows surgeons to work consistently with surgical teams without the hassle of fusing multiple patient data during surgery is all thanks to augmented reality and 3D visualization.

With Plutomen, do Better

Save Lives With AR-powered Far-flung Help

Plutomen Connect gives you remote visual assistance and collaboration with enterprise experts, senior personnel and extra via stay video sessions, chats, and calls. With our round the clock solution, you could connect to professional each time and get solutions to all of your queries.

Get Involved With Paperless Instructions

With our no-code Digital Work Instruction software, you get admission to steady virtual repositories like pdf, recorded video name sessions, chats, images, manuals, guides, and step by step SOPs. Not simply that, you could additionally create virtual checklists and maintain a tab to your frontline teams.

Give Training to Newly Employed Personnel to Fit Your Productiveness Stages

New trainees and personnel would possibly discover it tough to modify with a brand-new medical ecosystem. However, Plutomen Assist can assist them be acquainted with their running surroundings and educate them via AR education and 3-D augmented annotations.

For more information about AR-enabled products use in surgical units, go to Plutomen. We have specialized AR solutions to satisfy your unique requirements.


Ravi Patel

Ravi Patel

Chief Design Officer (CDO) at Plutomen

With 12+ years’ experience in enterprises, Ravi holds expertise in designing user-friendly and experience-enhancing interactive environments based on emerging technologies. He is designated as Chief Design Officer at Plutomen.

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