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AR-based Indoor navigation

Is there an alternative to GPS when it comes to indoor navigation? Why are businesses opting for a navigating solution for indoors?

All these questions demand a solution for solving different indoor navigation-related problems allowing users to navigate through unknown spaces.

AR  is disrupting business operations through the range of solutions it offers. Plutomen has invested its technological capabilities in designing solutions that increase the potentials of business operations.

Over time through years of research and development in AR, VR, MR, and XR, we have come up with technologies that solve business problems. With AR technology application, we can now solve major problems minimizing the dependency on human intervention. This has a significant impact on business verticals, improving output and ROI by reducing time wastage.

One of the many solutions provided by Plutomen that are based on AR is indoor navigation.

By recreating visual experience, we unlock possibilities for making business operations more productive and efficient. These solutions are an outcome of lack of available solutions for some of the defining problems such as an increase in customer’s walk-outs, decreasing brick and mortar store customers opting for an online alternative to large stores, and large indoor spaces that require a navigation solution, and more.

    Challenges of Indoor Navigation

    There are a lot of technical as well as spatial challenges that hinder indoor navigation. This calls for a solution that enables unhindered user navigation. Unlike outdoor navigation that works mainly using geographical location, indoor navigation can be tricky. Indoor navigational problems are complicated due to the high frequency of congestion and narrow spaces.

    Attenuation of signals

    Indoor navigation's primary issues that gave birth to AR-assisted indoor navigation are the weakness of GPS signals that fail to navigate the user indoors. 

    Large indoor spaces 

    When it comes to large indoor spaces such as malls, museums, tourist spots, or airports, there is no single solution that works uninterruptedly, guiding the user without depending on another human. 

    Clueless human guides

    There can be situations where human guides can fail to provide accurate instruction or communicate accurate directional guidance.

     High traffic

     One of the significant challenges is high human traffic that can make it difficult for individuals to navigate, needing a dedicated directional solution to guide them through constricted spaces without reliance.

    High dependency on directional guides

     Compared to outdoors, indoors have a high reliance on directional guides because of the intricacy of spaces and diversions that can detour the user from the destination.

    Primary Components

    AR-based indoor is an amalgamation of three components that help it work seamlessly without any interruptions.  These three components are :

    Mapping

    It is a to-the-point mapping system that works based on the layout and maps fetched to it. It relies heavily on the accuracy of the layout input. One of the advantageous uses that it 

    Rendering

    It is the part of the interface that has to do with designing the interface based on the route. It provides a virtual trail to the user that can be designed and customized. 

    Positioning

    It is the most intricate part of the interface since positioning indoors is complicated than outdoors, which is relatively more straightforward with GPS use. Another problem can be determining the position’s accuracy.  

    Positioning tools used in AR-based navigation

    VPS

    The visual Positioning system, unlike the GPS, is a visual navigating tool that uses visual markers to navigate and assist the user in navigating. 

    Beacons

    One of the most commonly used navigational tools is beacons that send Infrared signals to the user’s device and tag the user's current location. 

    QR codes

    In this, the layout of the location is embedded into QR codes placed at different locations of the building that can be further used to navigate the user from a particular location. 

    Advantages of AR-based indoor navigation

    Providing accurate direction indoors

    AR-based indoor navigation uses beacons, markers, QR codes, and other location tags to help the user navigate unknown spaces indoors. The range for it mainly is not more than 30 meters. It is used primarily in malls, showrooms, hospitals, airports, museums, metro stations, tourist spots, and similar large indoor spaces where it is difficult to get accustomed to the indoor environment. It works using a layout of the space that is fetched in the system and updated over time. When it comes to navigating, GPS serves as a useful tool, but it falls behind indoors. This is where AR-based indoor navigation steps in. Allowing the user to navigate easily following different

    Navigating through unknown spaces

    The primary purpose that AR-based Indoor navigation caters to is to help users navigate through large indoor spaces that are spread across square meters, making it difficult for the user to reach places on time.

    User engagement 

    Through the interface that AR-based indoor navigation offers, it becomes possible for users to make wiser shopping decisions that help organizations organize their product catalogs, making them more effective the next time customer shops.

    Spaces for organizations to host their products

    Another commercial application of AR-based indoor navigation is that it provides space for different organizations to host their products, enabling them to advertise. It opens up different possibilities for shopping and marketing. For example, when a customer enters a typical store, his augmented reality will show him different products based on his shopping history, preferences, and taste when he points his screen towards a particular aisle.

    Sending useful analytics and stats 

    It can be used to send useful user analytics to organizations helping them render improved services. When a user interacts with the navigational interface, it provides useful information to the organization back to organizations, for example, specific locations visited by the user in more frequency, helping them organize the space better for the future. 

    It can be used for inducting a new employee 

    Often, a new employee finds it difficult to navigate through different departments indoors in an organizational space. With AR-based indoor navigation, it is possible to help a new employee navigate through new spaces unknown to him through preloaded notes that will act as a navigational guide giving him step-by-step directional instructions when it comes to new spaces. 

    It can act as a guide at tourist places 

    It can be used to send useful user analytics to organizations helping them render improved services. When a user interacts with the navigational interface, it provides useful information to the organization back to organizations, for example, specific locations visited by the user in more frequency, helping them organize the space better for the future. 

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