Presently around 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas, and it is estimated to reach 68% by 2050. India, Nigeria and China, together will project 35% of the expected population growth.
With the majority living and moving towards urbanisation, cities have to prepare themselves for this population explosion. More than 700 countries presented their smart city projects in the Smart City Expo in Spain last year, and several cities across the world are rapidly embracing new technologies at a rapid rate.
Technology is the crucial element that determines the future as well as the transformation that the cities will go through to become “Smart Cities” in real sense. Let’s dive in and carefully examine the various technologies:
The whole concept of a smart city fails without a strong network. 5G is the next generation technology comprising of wireless communication that redefines communication for industries and society both. Although it is still a work in progress, but service providers are vigorously working on this technology and the way it would change the functioning of the smart city networks. As without a powerful 5G network, it would be next to impossible for other smart city technologies to function.
Augmented and Virtual Reality
Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) have gone past the usual stage of being commonly associated with gaming and entertainment. They are changing the rules of the game for almost every sector and industry, including smart cities. VR and AR in the smart cities to be applicable would require a massive amount of data and that too quite fast. Only by being faster, the technology would be able to offer the kind of experience they are known for. Hence, it becomes so important to have a 5G ready world in the first place as that would be the first step towards the assurance of the success of these technologies.
For urban planning of the smart cities to be perfect, it has to maintain a certain level of exactness, the right use of data and thorough analysis. It is the basis on which a smart city can be developed. This technology offers the required outline for analysing and collecting the data and location. Eventually, converting the data in a way that allows solutions based on software for the infrastructure of the smart cities.
It is entirely worthless to generate a massive amount of data produced by a smart city without using Artificial Intelligence to analyse it and convert it into valuable information. One can find numerous smart city applications where AI could play a vital role. From smart parking management to improving traffic and so much more. Additionally, the usage of AI facilitates the city management to have the right understanding of the functioning of the city.
Internet of Things
The whole concept of a smart city is about everything being connected. Internet of Things ensures that communication can go on without any hassles, and the entire city is linked. It offers cutting-edge connectivity of the smart devices, smart home appliances and services, smart buildings, medical devices, smart entertainment, connected vehicles and everything else that goes beyond machine-to-machine communication.
Incorporating robots into our world has the power to augment every sphere of our lives in smart cities. A lot of cities have already adopted the practice of co-existing with robots like Tokyo, Singapore and Dubai. The specialists in the field of robotics are expecting that the introduction of robots would have a positive and significant impact. It would all depend on two key factors: The way the robots work and how we use them.
These were some of the technologies for the future smart cities and we need to gear up to experience a lot more in the near future. All these technologies together are what make these smart cities even smarter. With the growing population and urbanisation, the need for smart cities will only see a rise in order to make the best possible use of the current resources.